WIN10下使用RCLONE将ONEDRIVE映射到本地磁盘教程(开机自动挂载)

前言

onedrive云盘是微软推出的云储存空间服务,相比于百度云,没有会员限制,有着较快的下载上传速度。采用Rclone软件可将onedrive映射为电脑本地,成为电脑上的一个(云)磁盘空间,便于使用,且Rclone支持全平台,能够在不同操作系统上对onedrive进行挂载。

本文主要介绍win10下使用RcloneOneDrive映射到本地磁盘,并且实现了win10系统开机自动挂载,有效解决了电脑重启后onedrive挂载盘丢失需要重新手动挂载的问题。

最终得到的效果如图所示(5T onedrive磁盘)
od_01.png

下载RCLONEWINFSPGIT BASH

首先需要下载和安装挂载所需的软件和辅助工具。
一共有3个:
Rclone:https://github.com/rclone/rclone/releases
Winfsp:https://github.com/billziss-gh/winfsp/releases
Git bash:https://gitforwindows.org/

Rclone点击链接进入下载网址,可以看到有许多不同的版本,适用于Windows系统有rclone-v1.57.0-windows-amd64.ziprclone-v1.57.0-windows-386.zip,根据自己电脑是64位的还是32位的对应选择合适的压缩包下载。
od_02.png
我的电脑是64位的系统,所以下载红框圈出的压缩包,rclone-v1.57.0-windows-amd64.zip

下载完成之后,将压缩包解压到一个全英文的目录下,例如我解压到了C:\rclone
od_03.png

WinfspGit bash下载之后直接安装即可,无需修改安装位置,一路按默认的点下去就可。

配置RCLONE

安装好这几个软件后,开始配置Rclone

1、首先修改windows系统的环境变量,将rclone的路径添加到path中:

在桌面上右键点击此电脑标志,然后点击属性->高级系统设置->环境变量->系统变量->Path
od_04.png
添加rclone文件夹的路径到path中,我电脑上rclone放置的路径在C:\rclone
od_05.png

2、修改好环境变量之后,打开windows powershell,配置rclone.config。
按键盘上的win+x,然后按a键,即可调出windows powershell

输入rclone --version,可查看rclone是否成功安装。

Windows PowerShell
版权所有 (C) Microsoft Corporation。保留所有权利。

PS C:\Windows\system32> rclone --version
rclone v1.57.0
- os/version: Microsoft Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC 2019 1809 (64 bit)
- os/kernel: 10.0.17763.1457 (x86_64)
- os/type: windows
- os/arch: amd64
- go/version: go1.17.2
- go/linking: dynamic
- go/tags: cmount
PS C:\Windows\system32>

查看成功安装rclone后,输入rclone config,配置要加载的onedrive信息,按照下面的步骤依次进行下去。

PS C:\Windows\system32> rclone config  (步骤1. 输入rclone config)
2020/04/25 13:29:37 NOTICE: Config file "C:\\Users\\dell\\.config\\rclone\\rclone.conf" not found - using defaults
No remotes found - make a new one
n) New remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
n/s/q> n  (步骤2. 输入n,表示新建配置)
name> onedrive  (步骤3. 命名为"onedrive",也可取其他的名字,但要与下面所使用的名字保持一致)
Type of storage to configure.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / 1Fichier
   \ "fichier"
 2 / Alias for an existing remote
   \ "alias"
 3 / Amazon Drive
   \ "amazon cloud drive"
 4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Provider (AWS, Alibaba, Ceph, Digital Ocean, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio, etc)
   \ "s3"
 5 / Backblaze B2
   \ "b2"
 6 / Box
   \ "box"
 7 / Cache a remote
   \ "cache"
 8 / Citrix Sharefile
   \ "sharefile"
 9 / Dropbox
   \ "dropbox"
10 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
   \ "crypt"
11 / FTP Connection
   \ "ftp"
12 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
   \ "google cloud storage"
13 / Google Drive
   \ "drive"
14 / Google Photos
   \ "google photos"
15 / Hubic
   \ "hubic"
16 / In memory object storage system.
   \ "memory"
17 / JottaCloud
   \ "jottacloud"
18 / Koofr
   \ "koofr"
19 / Local Disk
   \ "local"
20 / Mail.ru Cloud
   \ "mailru"
21 / Mega
   \ "mega"
22 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
   \ "azureblob"
23 / Microsoft OneDrive
   \ "onedrive"
24 / OpenDrive
   \ "opendrive"
25 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
   \ "swift"
26 / Pcloud
   \ "pcloud"
27 / Put.io
   \ "putio"
28 / QingCloud Object Storage
   \ "qingstor"
29 / SSH/SFTP Connection
   \ "sftp"
30 / Sugarsync
   \ "sugarsync"
31 / Transparently chunk/split large files
   \ "chunker"
32 / Union merges the contents of several remotes
   \ "union"
33 / Webdav
   \ "webdav"
34 / Yandex Disk
   \ "yandex"
35 / http Connection
   \ "http"
36 / premiumize.me
Storage> 23  (步骤4. 输入数字23,因为Microsoft OneDrive对应的类型是23)
** See help for onedrive backend at: https://rclone.org/onedrive/ **

Microsoft App Client Id
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_id>  (步骤5. 按enter键跳过)
Microsoft App Client Secret
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_secret>  (步骤6. 按enter键跳过)
Edit advanced config? (y/n)
y) Yes
n) No (default)
y/n> n  (步骤7. 输入n,采用默认设置)
Remote config
Use auto config?
 * Say Y if not sure
 * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine
y) Yes (default)
n) No
y/n> y (步骤8. 输入y,采用默认设置)
If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link: http://127.0.0.1:53682/auth?state=lcvcDmCLf1ugmaCzlEtMSA
Log in and authorize rclone for access
Waiting for code...
----------------------------------
(步骤8执行后会跳转到Microsoft OneDrive账号登录界面和授权界面,登录后在授权请求界面点击“是”)
-----------------------------------
Got code
Choose a number from below, or type in an existing value
 1 / OneDrive Personal or Business
   \ "onedrive"
 2 / Root Sharepoint site
   \ "sharepoint"
 3 / Type in driveID
   \ "driveid"
 4 / Type in SiteID
   \ "siteid"
 5 / Search a Sharepoint site
   \ "search"
Your choice> 1  (步骤9. 输入1,数字1对应OneDrive Personal or Business)
Found 1 drives, please select the one you want to use:
0:  (personal) id=cdffcd6a2a3dc176
Chose drive to use:> 0 (步骤10. 输入0,数字0对应OneDrive个人版)
Found drive 'root' of type 'personal', URL: https://onedrive.live.com/?cid=cdffcd6a2a3dc176
Is that okay?
y) Yes (default)
n) No
y/n> y  0 (步骤11. 输入y,采用默认设置)
--------------------
[onedrive]
type = onedrive
token = {"access_token":"(隐私信息省略)*************************************************************************************
drive_id = (隐私信息省略)***************
drive_type = personal
--------------------
y) Yes this is OK (default)
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> y  (步骤12. 输入y)
Current remotes:

Name                 Type
====                 ====
onedrive             onedrive

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q  (步骤13. 输入q,退出)

完成rclone配置后,挂载onedrive磁盘。
Git Bash中输入如下命令并执行(注意,末尾的&很重要,不加&的话退出git则挂载就失效了):

rclone mount onedrive:/ E: --cache-dir D:\Onedrive --vfs-cache-mode writes &

执行后,不要点Git Bash窗口的X关闭窗口,而是执行 exit 退出窗口。
到这一步,就可以在电脑上看到多出一个onedrive(E)磁盘。
但还没有结束,还需要解决电脑重启后挂载失效的问题。

开机自动挂载 (疑似无效)

采用开机自动挂载的方式,可有效解决电脑重启后onedrive磁盘消息的问题,省去重新手动挂载的麻烦。

新建两个文件,分别为rclone.batrclone.vbs

rclone.bat中写入上述挂载命令:

rclone mount onedrive:/ E: --cache-dir D:\Onedrive --vfs-cache-mode writes &

rclone.vbs设置开机自动调用cmd运行rclone.bat文件并退出cmd,写入如下代码:

CreateObject("WScript.Shell").Run "cmd /c D:/rclone.bat",0

rclone.bat文件放到D盘(或其他的盘)目录下,我放在了D盘,所以在rclone.vbs中该文件的路径就是D:/rclone.bat

rclone.vbs文件放到windows系统启动项目录下,在文件夹的路径框中输入
%USERPROFILE%\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup即可进入启动项目录

至此,onedrive磁盘的挂载完成,且电脑下次开机时onedrive磁盘也不会消失

Last modification:November 22nd, 2021 at 04:24 am
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